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The Prophet Muhammad (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said,
"Whoever believes in Allah and the last day, let him say good or remain silent!"
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His name was Muhammad Ibn Sa’ad ibn Mani Az Zuhree and his kunya was Aboo Abdullah, more popularly known as Ibn Sa’ad. He was the mawla of Banu Hashim. He is one of the greatest authorities on Islamic history and Muslim biography. Ibn Sa’d is said to have been born in 148 AH in the city of Basra which is now in present day Iraq, and he died in 230 AH. He moved to
The most popular of his works is the huge collection of biographies of noteworthy men and women from the time of the Prophet Muhammad (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) to his time known as Kitaab at Tabaqaat al Kabeer (The Great Book of Generations). It is one of the most important and earliest surviving biographical collections of narrations, and has been used by Islamic scholars as a reference to present day. The work contains over 4000 biographies noteworthy Muslims, of which 600 are women. The book has been printed in 9 volumes by
1. Not to be confused with Ibn Shihaab Az Zuhree who was a great scholar of hadeeth who died in 124 AH.
2. It is like a nick name, usually in the format Aboo so and so meaning father of so and so.
3. The scholars of the past would usually name their children Abdullah due to the statement of the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), “The most beloved names to Allah are Abdullah and AbdurRahman….”.
4. mawla could mean either a slave that was set free or someone who is a non-Arab but is under the protection of an Arab tribe. This was done during the pre-Abbassid period, but died down thereafter. Ibn Sa’ad was under the protection of Banu Hashim.
5. The word banu means tribe, and Banu Hashim was a tribe from Quraysh.
6. There seems to be some confusion about the death and birth of Ibn Sa’ad. The date for the death given in the biographical appendix of Ash Shifa of Qadi Iyaad translated by A. A. Bewley has the date 204 AH while the book The Men of Madina Vol. 1 translated by A. A. Bewley has both dates of 230 AH and 236 AH. And some of the sources give 62 as his age at death and year of death at 230 AH 0r 236 AH, which would mean his birth would be 168 AH or 174 AH. If his age was 62 years and he died in 204 AH then his birth would be 144 AH. I used the dates given in The Men of Madina Vol. 1 by A. A. Bewley. I am confused about this issue, if anyone has knowledge regarding this please let me know, InshaAllah.
7. He narrated ahadeeth from Imaam Ash Shaafi (d. 204 AH) and Imaam Malik (d. 179 AH) but is considered to be weak.
8. I have seen this book printed by the title Al Waqidi: Kitab Al Maghazi, Edited by Marsden Jones, Printed in 3 Volumes by Oxford University Press, 1966.
9. Volumes 5, 7 and 8 have been lately translated by Aisha AbdurRahman Bewley and published under the titles of Men of Madina Vols. 1 & 2 and Women of Madina, respectively.
(Arabic: الحديث hadeeth, Arabic pl. ahādeeth "أحاديث")
Linguistically, the word hadeeth is the opposite of qadeem, so it means soemthing that is new when used as an adjective. That is why a person's statements are called hadeeth, it is something that is originating form a persons mouth that wasnt there.The word hadeeth literally when used as a noun means communication, story, or conversation. A hadeeth could be religious or secular, historic or recent. The word hadeeth has been used in the Qur'aan 23 times and multiple times in the statements of the Prophet (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam). It has been used in the Qur'aan and the statements of the Prophet Muhammad (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam) in all of the different meanings mentioned above. The different ways the word hadeeth has been used in the Qur'aan and the statements of the Prophet Muhammad (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam) are mentioned in Studies in Hadeeth Methodology and Literature by M. M. Azami, Pg. 1-2.
After the death of the Prophet (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam) the majority of the stories and conversations carried out by the Muslims were about the Prophet (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam) himself. Therefore the word hadeeth started to be used exclusively for the stories or communications that were from or about the Prophet (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam).
There are many books that have numerous ahadeeth compiled in them, the most popular of them being Jaami' As Sahih (The Authentic Collection) of Imaam Bukharee (d. 256 AH) or Sahih Al Bukharee. The history of compilation or preservation of hadeeth is a very fascinating and interesting subject in and of itself. Learning about this history does nothing but raise the eeman of a Muslim in the authenticity of the religion and trust in the words of the Prophet (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam). There is a consensus amongst the muslim schoalrs that the ahadeeth are an integral foundation of the religion of Islam and belief in the authentic ahadeeth is obligatory upon each and every Muslim.
1. Usool Al Hadeeth by Yasir Qadhi, Part 1
2. Studies in Hadith Methodology and Literature by M. M. Azami, Pg. 1
3. Studies in Hadith Methodology and Literature by M. M. Azami, Pg. 3
4. The actual name given by Bukharee to his collection of hadeeth was entitled by him Al Jaami' al musnad as sahih al mukhtasar min umur RasoolAllahi Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam wa sunanihi wa Ayyaamihi, which means An epitome containing all types of musnad ahadeeth corcerning the Messenger of Allah, May Allah's Peace and Blessings be upon him, his sunnah and his wars. Studies in Hadith Methodology and Literature by M. M. Azami, Pg. 89
The Role of Muslim Women in Da'wah1
By Dr. Salah As Sawy2
Transcribed from a lecture given in Austin, TX at Masjid Khadeeja3 on April 15, 2006 by Irtiza Hasan
Tonight is a Saturday night and Saturday is usually a night when it seems the shayateen4 spread a lot of fitna5 and tempt the people to run after their shahwaat6 (desires) and so thank Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala7) that he brought you and your families and brothers to this masjid (mosque) tonight where Allah's angels are greeting you and we ask Allah to bless this gathering.
Look to your life for the blessings of Allah upon you that you are in a place of worship and obedience to Allah and He kept you away from a place of mischief and evil.
Some of the early Muslim scholars used to say, “Allah does not honor or bless the people engaged in evils and sins (because they are) being disobedient to Him, but Allah does honor and protect and bless the people He chooses to by keeping them away from those (evil) things."
With that we approach our topic for the evening which is: The Role of the Muslim Woman in Da'wah and in the Community.
They say that women are half of the community and they give birth to the other half. I would say, therefore, it is as if she is the whole community. The Prophet Muhammad, Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, said, what translated means, "Indeed women are the partners of men." (Abu Dawood)8
Umm Salamah9 (d. 61 AH), radhi Allahu anha10, asked Rasool Allah11 (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), “Why are only men were mentioned in the Qur’aan?” (Why are women not mentioned?)
And in response Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala) revealed the following verse in Surat12 Al Ahzaab:
["Verily, the Muslims, men and women, the believers men and women, the men and the women who are obedient, the men and women who are truthful, the men and the women who are patient, the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord Allâh), the men and the women who give Sadaqât, the men and the women who observe Sawm, the men and the women who guard their chastity and the men and the women who remember Allâh much with their hearts and tongues Allâh has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (Paradise).]
Surah AlAhzaab (33) Verse 35
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala) also says in Al Qur’aan13 in
[The believers, men and women, are Auliyâ' of one another, they enjoin Al-Ma'rûf, and forbid from Al-Munkar; they perform As-Salât and give the Zakât, and obey Allâh and His Messenger. Allâh will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.]
So Allah includes men and women and describes them as "auwliya14" of one another. He includes women to enjoin the good and forbid the evil, to perform salaat (five daily prayers), to give zakaat (charity), and to obey Allah and His Messenger (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam).
Let us look to the Sunnah15, to Al Hajjat ul Wida where the Prophet Muhammad (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) made a call to all the Muslims, and deliver such an important message which was in fact his last great public speech. In this farewell advice he left us an important advice for us to hold on to forever. He said:
"...Fear Allah concerning women!"
This was a very important point where every Muslim was listening in such an important speech. RasoolAllah (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) continued
The righteous slaves of Allah always have a yearning in their hearts to rush to good deeds and they do not delay in performing the good deeds, and the corrupt people rush to do evil and wicked deeds. It is important for our sisters to focus on this topic and consider the importance of it.
I viewed a survey done in 1997 in some of the Arab countries and it reported that 96 to 97 million dollars a year are spent on women's perfumes and I am not discouraging or prohibiting the purchasing of halaal (permissible) things.
Allah says in the Qur’aan:
[And say not concerning that which your tongues put forth falsely: "This is lawful and this is forbidden...]
And surely for our sisters to spend money on perfumes and these (beauty) products is permissible and it is not disliked or discouraged but when it comes to our wealth, I remind my sisters to first seek to spend on their aakhira (hereafter) and then on this life of the dunya (world).
So when sisters ask "How can I serve my Deen (religion)?" or "How can I help this Ummah (community)?" and this is a valuable and noble question we start by saying that first the most effective da’wah is that of our haal (demeanor or condition) and this is more efficient and better than making da’wah by our sayings (aqwaal).
And remember dear sister, to observe and preserve hijaab (Islamic covering) and be firm in that and do not care about mocking looks or comments about your appearance. Do not ever undermine the value or importance of your hijaab!
You are an obedient slave to Allah! You are showing people your Islam with your actions. You are proving your Islam and do not forget to consider that the actions of one, just one sister can change and guide and invite one thousand! But the sayings and speeches of one thousand might not even change or guide one!
Think about that again. The actions of one can change one thousand, if Allah wills.
In recent times, we see a movement to downplay and diminish the importance of hijaab even amongst some of the Muslims. Some of you may cite a fatawa16 from a scholar in
The people exaggerated the conditions and realities to get such rulings and this is unfair to the scholar. In these scenarios the scholar is like a prisoner and people portrayed to him a false and inaccurate image of what is the real situation. And we say these exaggerations and reports were not true in general that sisters are being physically harmed and victimized in this way.
And even if we assume or consider that these reports were true then according to the Muslim jurists such countries and lands would not be permissible to reside or stay in. We would have to relocate to the Muslim lands or move to other lands.
Some will argue here that "There is no Islamic land in our times, like the great and just lands which were overseen by Abu Bakr and Umar", may Allah have mercy on them both. The people will say, "There is no correct Islamic rule in our day" or "There is no khaleefah17 so we have no where to go!"
We say to that we would then move to those lands where there is least harm and the most ease in worshipping Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala).
The Prophet Muhammad (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) sent his family and companions to Al Habasha and advised them to seek protection there and that the leader there was just and fair and would not oppress or harm them. Al Habasha18 was not a Muslim country, rather it was a Christian country and Najashi was not a khaleefah of the Muslims.
So what we learn from this is to try to reside in the country where there is the least harm to the believers and the most benefit by having the ability to worship Allah (
The second advice to our Muslim sister is to protect your family! Make sure it is a successful family, attached to the massaajid (pl. masjid, mosques) and attached to the jama'a (congregation). Raise and build a family that cares about da'wah and about Islam. The sister who covers herself will raise her daughters to cover herself, and the sister who does good deeds will encourage and raise her children to do good deeds.
Muslim countries today are perhaps backwards in technology and scientific aspects compared to the non-Muslim lands or Western lands and to think the Muslims can compete in some of these areas might appear to be a dream or fantasy, except by the help of Allah. But we can always compete with our morals and our worship (of Allah)!
Everything starts with the family, and remember sister, to strengthen and build your family first. Protect and safeguard your family.
Consider the issue of talaaq (divorce) which is permissible in Islam yet the divorce rates are so low in Muslim countries and societies especially compared to western lands and non-Muslim societies. But this disease of divorce is increasing in Muslim homes especially in lands where the Muslims are mixing and mingling more with people who see divorce lightly. I am becoming ill with the sad stories of Muslim families breaking up and divorces amongst Muslim couples.
And we are advised not to carelessly enter upon women or disrespect them in that way. It was narrated from 'Uqbah ibn 'Aamir19 that the Messenger of Allah (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said:
"Beware of entering upon women."
A man from among the Ansar20 said: "O Messenger of Allah, what about the (sister) in-law?" He (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said:
"The in-law is death."
Why this language- "death"? Imagine, and may Allah protect us, if anything were to transpire or happen in this way, it would be death of the marriage and relationships, possibly the death of their morals or religion due to this evil and even their own deaths for committing the zinaa (fornication).
Shaytaan deceives and tricks many sisters to divorce their husbands (without even trying reconciliation or taking the correct Islamic steps for divorce). Some sisters seek to take half or all of their husband's money and assets or to take his children and keep them from him just because of the laws of some lands.
What is halaal will always be halaal and what is haraam will always be haraam. Do not consider that the laws or ways of your particular country will supersede the laws and wisdom of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala).
Present the true Islam to people by showing them your successful families! Show them your massaajid! Show them your communities and schools!
Some say that when making da’wah do not talk to people about Islamic laws and sharee’ah21 as these topics can be confusing and controversial for people. We say those things which our scholars and jurists have consensus (ijmaa) about then propagate and advance those ideas but if it is an as issue where the jurists have differed and those are acceptable differences then we should not force or initiate these ideas in the beginning and an example of this is when making da’wah to another woman one does not have to initiate the issue of niqaab (face veil) being obligatory when there is a difference of opinion amongst the people of knowledge as to whether it is from the obligatory or recommended. So we do not have to be overly aggressive on such issues.
And sisters, remember to be positive when dealing with people. Know that eemaan (faith) has levels. The Messenger of Allah (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: "Faith has over seventy branches, most excellent of which is the declaration of “La ilaha illa Allah” and the humblest of which is the removal of a bone from the road. And modesty is a branch of eeman." (Abu Dawood)
Imam Al Hasan Al Basri (d. 110 AH) said, "That I serve my family is better to me than making itikaaf22 for two months" and Abdullah ibn Abbas (d. 68 AH) said, "To look after the home of a Muslim is better to me than making Hajj (pilgrimage)."
Let us reflect upon these sayings. Many things we do can be a sadaqa (charity) and do not be those people who undermine or ignore the smaller actions!
The Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, "Every kind word is sadaqa, help given by one person to another is sadaqa, giving someone a drink of water is sadaqa, and removing harmful objects from people's pathways is sadaqa."
And he said, "Smiling at your brother's face is sadaqa."
Do we help each other nowadays?
Does the one with money give charity to those without money?
Do we assist one another?
Do we care about one another?
Does the healthy one visit the sick one?
You all want to be close to Allah, then visit the sick! Be with them and you will find Allah there.
In a hadeeth qudsee23 found in Saheeh Muslim24, Abu Hurayrah (d. 59 AH) reported that the Messenger of Allah (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said:
“Allah will say on the Day of Resurrection: ‘O son of Adam, I fell ill and you visited Me not.’ He (the son of Adam) will say, ‘Oh Lord, and how should I visit You when You are the Lord of the worlds?” Allah will say, “Did you not know that My servant So-and-so had fallen ill and you visited him not? Did you not know that had you visited him you would have found Me with him?’”
And the hadeeth goes on...
"...Allah asks: 'O son of Adam, I asked you for food and you fed Me not’. He will say, ‘O Lord, and how should I feed You when You are the Lord of the worlds?’ He will say, ‘Did you not know that My servant So-and-so asked you for food and you fed him not? Did you not know that had you fed him you would surely have found that (the reward for doing so) with Me?...’”
All of these things should increase us in taqwa and improve our relationship with Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala).
The Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, "In relation to one another, believers are like a structure: each part strengthens the other parts". When the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said this he clasped his fingers together.
He also said (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), "In their mutual love, compassion and sympathy for one another, believers are like one body, when one part of it suffers a complaint, all other parts join in, sharing the sleeplessness and fever."
And he (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, "The Muslim is the brother (or sister) to a Muslim."
To feel this love and these feelings for the Muslim community (at large) we need to first strengthen these feelings and love with our families.
One man said how we need to bring back the khilaafah, make jihad25 for the sake of Allah and revive our Ummah and so on.
And this man was not practicing some basic aspects of Islam and so another said to him, "You should revive your beard first!" meaning change one inch of your own body before trying to save and change this vast world.
Follow the Sunnah first yourself and fear Allah first yourself and stay away from haraam first yourself before insisting on changing others! After yourself work on your family, the ones closest to you. Present Islam to your community and neighbors by maintaining a successful and obedient family.
And remember to hide your sins and the sins of your brother and sister. If you reveal your sins to the people they may remind you of them or hold you accountable or use it against you but Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala) will not! He will hide it and forgive you and would not hold it against you. Allah is above having to do that.
The Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, "Whosoever covers (the sins of) a Muslim, Allah covers (his sins) on the Day of Judgment." (Bukhari)26
And finally I advise us all to learn more about this religion and increase in our knowledge before we can increase in our actions or in our da'wah to Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala). It is important for us to protect ourselves, our children and our families by seeking beneficial knowledge and then practicing it for Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala).
Tags: Islam, Dawah, Women, Methodology, Contemporary Issues
AbdulMalik ibn Hisham (d. 216 AH) wrote a book on the seerah and it was call Seerat Ibn Hishm. Ibn Hisham came and summarized the seerah of Ibn Is'haaq. The irrelevant material from Ibn Is'haaq as mentioned previously was discarded by Ibn Hisham in his seerah. Ibn Hisham mentions this in his introduction to his seerah and he only kept in his book whatsoever he saw important and necessary. When Ibn Hisham came out with his seerah it was so good and it became popular very quickly. Everyone who wanted to learn the seerah had this book and was starting to become more and more common and was being found in each and every household. Because of this, within a hundred years or so, Seerat Ibn Is'haaq was no where to be found. It was almost as if it was removed from the face of the earth, until recently.
Another source of seerah is the books called shamaail. These are books written exclusively talking about the characteristics of the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam ). In Arabic they are known as Shamaail. An example of this is the famous Shamaail At-Tirmidhee. It includes the characteristics and the physical description of the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam ) like the way his hair was, the way his eyes were, his walking, his talking, his dressing, etc.
These are books written about the miracles of the Messenger (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam ). Dalail An-Nabuwwah by Imam Al-Bayhaqee is probably the most famous among them.
Biographies of the Sahaaba
The biographies of the companions serve to make the seerah more complete and to fill in some holes. They also give some of the vents surrounding it. An example of this is the story of Salman Al Farsee (d. 35 AH) and his search for the truth which will be mentioned later. Also that of Jaafar ibn Abi Talib (d. 9 AH) and his conversation with Najaasee, the king of Abyssinia.
The Books of History
The books of history serve as another source of seerah. Examples of these books are, the book on history by Ibn Jareer At-Tabaree and Bidaaya Wa An Nihaaya of Ibn Katheer.
“Off course I love him!” this is the answer of any Muslim when asked, “Do you love the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)”, but do we really love him (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)? Do we really know who he was enough to love him (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)? It is natural that when a person claims or displays love for another individual that he or she would want to know him better. In the same way one who claims to love the Prophet Muhammad (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) has to know this individual if he really claims this type of love. Along with this reason there are many benefits and blessings associated with this matter, and the following are a few:
We have been commanded by Allah in the Qur'aan to follow the example of the Prophet(Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam). Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta'ala) says in the Qur'aan,
Allah commands us to follow the example of the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)
[Certainly you have in the Messenger of Allah an excellent exemplar for him who hopes in Allah and the latter day and remembers Allah much.] Surat Al-Ahzab (33) Verse 21
Seerah increases our love for the Prophet(Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)Studying Seerah is a sign for our love for the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) as well. When you love somebody you would want to know as much as possible about that person. Similarly if you love the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) there has to be an indication of your love for him (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam). And one of the signs of a mu’min (believer) is their love for the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam). If a person loves the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) then he is a mu’min and when a person has no love for the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) then he is not a mu’min. If a person claims to love Mohammed (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) then there must be an interest in him or a reason as to why he loves the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam). There must have been something special in the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) that makes a person love the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) over everyone else. We learn those special things about the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) in the Seerah.
Seerah educates us about the meaning of the Qur'aan
Without the complete knowledge of the seerah we could not understand the Book of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala). The Qur'aan in some ways depends on the seerah for its full explanation or meaning. It sheds light on why the verse was revealed and the context of the revelation. In order to get a full understanding of the Qur'aan we need to get a full understanding of the seerah as well.
Studying the seerah raises our hopes and lifts our spirits
After studying the torture and turmoil that the companions and the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) went through, it helps us during our times of troubles and turmoil. It gives us hope that as long as we stay upon the truth there is always hope at the end. When we see that we’re not the first ones to be persecuted, we find an increase in our eeman and it raises our hopes for the future, especially in these times when the muslims are being targeted and singled out and attacked in all kinds of ways. We get to see real life examples of what the people before us went through and the victory they achieved. Studying the seerah is one of the greatest ways to increase our optimism for the future. It gives up hope that at the end of the road as long as we stay upon Islam there is something good. The Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was also revealed stories of the past prophets to give him hope. An example of this is the revelation of Surat Yusuf to the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) to show him that even though his own tribe is going against him, Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam)’s own brothers were inflicting harm upon him.
Seerah raises our eeman
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta'ala) reminds the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) in the Qur'aan of the stories of the prophets of the past and you find that the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)’s eeman increasing due to this. Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta'ala) says in the Qur'aan,
[And all we relate to you of the accounts of the messengers is to strengthen your heart therewith; and in this has come to you the truth and an admonition, and a reminder to the believers]
Surat Hud (11) Verse 120
As we know that the eeman of the Prophet(Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was incomparable to that of anyone else. It was higher than anyone else even the prophets of the past and the stories of the previous prophets that came before the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) raised the eeman of our Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), then what else could the story of our own Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) do for our own eeman except increase it. Would it not be befitting for us then, that we turn to the seerah of RasoolAllah(Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) to increase our own eeman?
Seerah in and of itself is one of the greatest miracles of the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)
This is one of the greatest indications that Prophet Muhammad (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was without shadow of a doubt the Messenger of Allah. As Ibn Hazm Al-Andalusee said, “If RasoolAllah (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was only given the miracle of the seerah then he would not need to be given anything else except that to prove to everyone that he is a messenger of Allah.” We learn from the seerah that some of the Sahaaba would see RasoolAllah (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and would say, “I knew his face was not the face of a liar.” And another thing that we learn from the seerah and we can use this example in our da’wah (call to Islam) to the non-muslims that proves that the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was indeed the RasoolAllah or the Messenger of Allah (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was when his son Ibraheem died at the tender age of maybe a year or year and a half. Only a father or mother could understand the pain of losing their son or daughter, and especially when a child grows to that age and passes away. This is when the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) cried and Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta'ala) revealed the verse
[Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets; and Allah is ever Aware of all things] Surat Al-Ahzab(33):40
On that day the sun eclipsed. Seeing that, the sahaabah said “Even the sun and the moon are crying because of the death of the son of the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam).” The Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) could have easily said “Yes even the sun is crying because my son died today!” He could have used this event as proof to show people that he’s in fact that important and also the messenger of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta'ala). Instead RasoolAllah (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) called the people to the masjid (mosque) and said to them in a khutbah (sermon), “The Sun and Moon are the miracles of Allah. They do not eclipse because of the death or birth of a person.” He wasn’t sent to call others to worship him, rather his duty was to proclaim the message of Allah and to worship Allah alone and to show everyone how to worship Allah alone.
Seerah lays out a precise methodology of the revival of the Muslim Ummah (Community)
The Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) all alone by himself within two decades controlled all of
We see how the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) trained the sahaabah
The sahaaba are referred to as the best of all nations ever raised. It is through seerah that we find out how they actually became the best of all nations ever raised. Firstly they were under the direct guidance of the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and secondly they followed this guidance and stayed firm upon it even after his (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)’s death. We find in the seerah what methodology did the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) use to make them from the lowest of the low to the highest of the high, the type of tarbiya (development and training) is seen here.
Seerah brings about comfort and peace to the heart
Each person enjoys what his or heart is conditioned to. If the person is all about following his desires he only like to listen to or follow that and anything else is not of any importance or weight to that person. If the person is all about following the revelation then this is what his heart is inclined to and this is what comforts him and this is what brings about peace in his heart. The heart takes consolation and peace with what it is conditioned to. An example given is that of a person who listens to music or likes it. He will find comfort and peace by listening to it and when the Qur'aan is recited he can’t either stand hearing it or he feels uncomfortable around it. His sins prevent him from fully enjoying the recitation of the Qur'aan. Then there is the mu’min (believer) who finds complete comfort and peace in his heart when he is listening to the recitation of the Qur'aan and he feels uncomfortable being around anywhere where music is played. This feeling and example does not apply to everybody. Only those who fear Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta'ala) and have hope in the Day of Judgment and remember Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta'ala) a lot. We know this from the ayat in the Qur'aan where Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta'ala) says,
[ For, Believers are those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a tremor in their hearts, and when they hear His signs rehearsed, find their faith strengthened, and put (all) their trust in their Lord]
Surat Al-Anfal (8) Verse 2
Primary way of defending the honor of the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)
Especially in times like ours where the enemies of Islam are trying to attack the honor of our Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) we need to find what is the truth and spread it. The Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) is being attacked by many different groups especially in this country. Their ideologies might separate them but their hatred for Islam and the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) unites them against us. And how else can we become more proactive, and we need to become proactive based upon the knowledge of the sunnah. Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta'ala) says in the Qur'aan,
[We have truly sent thee as a witness, as a bringer of Glad Tidings, and as a Warner. That you may believe in Allah and His Messenger and may aid him and revere him; and (that) you may declare His glory, morning and evening]
Surat Al-Fath (48):8-9
This tells us that one of the rights the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) has upon us is that we have to defend and honor his name in thisworld whenever he is attacked. He was sent by Allah so that we believe in Allah and the Messenger and we defend and honor the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and glorify Allah.
Seerah is the study of the best of all matters
Seerah is in fact the study of the best human being, the best timeframe, the best generation that ever lived and the best religion that was ever revealed in the history of mankind.
Best Human Being
The Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was no doubt the best human being to walk this earth. We learn this from the hadith of the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) when he said, “I am the leader of the children of Adam on the Day of Judgment and I am not being arrogant or boastful. On that day, I shall be holding the banner of praise and I do not say this to be boastful. And there is not a single prophet on that day from Adam until our times except that he will be under my banner and I do not say this out of arrogance. I will be the first person who will intercede and the first person’s intercession that will be accepted by Allah. And I do not say this to be boastful”
So from this hadeeth of the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) we learn that the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was not only the best man in his generation or the best prophet in his time, but also the best man and prophet to ever walk the face of this earth since Adam (Alayhis Salaam)’s setting foot on this earth to the Day of Judgment.
Best Generation of Muslims
The generation of muslims in the seerah are the best generation of the muslims. We know this because Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta'ala) says in the Qur'aan,
[You are the best of the nations raised up for mankind, ……. ]
Also the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said in a hadeeth, “The best of all generations is this generation and then the generation that follows them and then those that follow them.”
When the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said this generation he means the sahaaba, and the one that follows are the tabioon (students of the sahaaba) and the one after that are the taba tabioon (students f the tabioon). These three generations are referred to as the salaf and the ones that come after them are called the khalaf. This is enough proof to show us that the sahaaba were the best generation of the ummah of the Prophet (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) to ever live and the next best are the ones that come after the sahaaba (the tabioon) and the next best are the ones that come after the tabioon (the taba tabioon).
Best of all religions
The study of the seerah is the study of the best of religions. Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta'ala) revealed religions in the past and they were all of the common essence but the shareeah was different. The proof that our religion is the best of religions is the statement of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta'ala),
[…..This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion…..] Surat Al Maeda(5):3
The study of the seerah is the study of how these blessings were perfected.
Seerah taught as a science in the madaaris (schools) of the past
Another reason for us to study the seerah of RasoolAllah (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) is that it is a science from among the sciences of Islam. The scholars of the past would teach seerah like every other science. We have a narration from Ali Ibn Al-Hussayn who said, “We would be taught the majaazi (seerah) of RasoolAllah (Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) just like the Qur'aan.” This shows us that Seerah and Qur'aan were sciences taught at madaaris at that time.